Bogor is a city in West Java, Indonesia. Bogor is the 6th largest city of Jabodetabek (Jakarta metropolitan region) and the 14th nationwide. Bogor is an important economic, scientific, cultural and tourist center, as well as a mountain resort. One of the most ancient cities in Indonesia, the city was the capital of the ancient Sunda Kingdom (Indonesian: Kerajaan Sunda) and was called Pakuan Pajajaran. During the Dutch colonial era, it was named Buitenzorg (meaning “Without a care” in Dutch) and served as the summer residence of the Governor-General of Dutch East Indies.
With several hundred thousand people living on an area of about 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi), the central part of Bogor is one of the world’s most densely populated areas. It is also one of the nation’s center for education, particularly in Agricultural science.