Tasikmalaya is a city in southeastern West Java, Indonesia, located between Bandung and Banjar in south of the two major road routes across Java. It was formerly the administrative capital of the Tasikmalaya Regency but since becoming a city independent of the Regency, a new capital has been provided within the residual Regency.
The city is located in the mountainous Preanger region of Java at an elevation of 351 metres (1,151 feet).
The population of the city (excluding the Tasikmalaya Regency, which surrounds the city to the west, south and east) was 635,464 according to the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (as at 2014) is 683,386. The city is sometimes dubbed “the City of a Thousand Pesantrens” for its abundance of Islamic religious schools.