The rainy season is no reason not to visit as it rarely pours for days on end and in fact it is very unusual that it rains all day. it ends to rain in the afternoon almost at fixed hours so visitors can easily plan an exciting schedule no matters what the weather.

Climate
There are but two seasons on West Java’s tropical climate, namely, hot and wet, and hot and dry. The rainy season extends from October to April, and the dry season runs the rest of the year.

In highland areas like Bogor, the rain is notorious (+352 days), much higher than in lowland areas (+138 days). Average rainfall around the Province is between 140 and 381 millimeters during the rainy season, with humidity between 75 and 89 percent. Ambient temperature depends on the elevation; at Puncak, in the Gede-Pangrango mountain range, it can be as low as 140 centigrade, where in the seaside areas it can reach 331 centigrade or even higher.

All travelers to Indonesia must be in possession of a passport that is valid for at least six months from the date of arrival, and have proof (tickets) of onward or return passage.

The Indonesian Government extends Visa on Arrival (VoA) to nationals of 63 countries which can be obtained at designated entry airports and sea ports. Visa-on-Arrival is valid for 30 days and is extendable with another 30 days to be applied at Immigration offices in Indonesia.
Please note that starting 26 January 2010, the 7-day Visa-on-Arrival has been discontinued.

Free Tourist short stay visas for 30 days are extended to tourists from 12 countries, namely from Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, and Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR, Chile, Ecuador, Morocco and Peru.
Immigration and customs checkpoints are situated at all air, sea, road, and rail entry points.

You may find information on Indonesia embassies and consulates contact details at the Ministry of Foreign Affair website on the following direct link: www.deplu.go.id

The monetary unit is Rupiah Indonesia and is written as Rp or IDR.

The exchange rate is valued at USD1 = Rp 9,687. Notes are available in Rp 1,000, Rp 2,000, Rp 5,000, Rp 10,000, Rp 20,000, Rp 50,000 and Rp 100,000 denominations, while coins are issued in 100, 200, 500 and 1,000 sen (cents) denominations.

Foreign currencies can be exchanged at banks and money changers.

Government offices open from 8.00 a.m.to 4.00 p.m. from Monday to Friday in Jakarta and close on Saturday and Sunday. In the provinces they close at 3.00 p.m. and open on Saturday till 1.00 p.m. Business offices have staggered hours. Banks are open from either 8.00 or 8.30 a.m. to 2.00 p.m. Banks in hotels stay open longer hours, and money changers till the evening. Shopping centers open from 10.00 a.m. to 10.00 p.m. every day. In smaller towns, shops close for a siesta at 1 pm until 3 pm. Bargaining might be necessary especially in tourist area. A general rule of thumb is to aim for half the asking prices by opening with an offer lower than that but many sellers will my come down by 20%.

Additional security office has been deployed and metal detectors have been installed in most public area to ensure the safety of all visitors.

Time Zones
Seven hours ahead of GMT and 15 hours ahead of U.S Standard Time.

Electricity
Electricity is supplied throughout West Java at 220/230 volts. Most hotels use 220 volts 50 cycles and two-prolonged plugs. However it is not uncommon to find some hotels using 110 volts, particularly in the provinces. For all other equipment, an adapter / converter are necessary, unless the item has a multi-voltage option. Please note that power outlets only accept flat 3 or 2-pin plugs, depending on whether an earth connection id fitted. Check before using an appliance.

Weight & Measurement
West Java follows the metric system for weight and measurement.

Communication
Long distance calls within Indonesia may be made by direct dialing through International Direct Dial (IDD) in major cities or through operator-assisted calls. Overseas calls can also be made at state-run Wartel (telephone offices). Telex and fax services are readily available in major hotels and larger cities as are Internet services. West Java phone numbers appear online in the Yellow Pages (business category and alphabetical listings).

At most hotels and restaurants service charge 21% tax and service is added to the bill. An airport or hotel porter expects Rp 5,000 per bag. Taxi drivers will round up to the nearest Rp 500 or Rp 1,000. Leaving the change is appreciated but not mandatory. It is advisable to carry small change as taxi drivers are often short of change.

It is inappropriate to use the left hand to eat or to give or receive anything.

Dress is normally casual and light clothing is advisable due to the hot, humid climate. Trousers or slacks and shirts are generally considered appropriate but a jacket and tie are required for formal occasions or when making official calls. For certain formal occasion’s long sleeved batik shirts are acceptable. For travel to mountain areas, a light sweater or jacket is recommended. Halter tops and shorts are frowned upon in most places except around spots facilities or on the beach, proper decorum should especially be observed when visiting places or worship.

Greetings
Although handshakes generally suffice for both men and women, some Muslim ladies may acknowledge an introduction to a gentleman with a nod of her head and smile. The traditional greeting resembles a handshake with both hands but without the grasp. The man offers both hands, lightly touches his friend’s hands, than bring his hands back to his chest to mean, “I greet you from the heart”. The visitor should reciprocate the Salam.

Conduct
Public behavior is important in West Java. Most Sundanese people refrain from displaying affection (i.e. embracing or kissing) in public. It would be appropriate for visitors to do the same.

Places of Worship
Shoes must be removed when entering places of worship such as mosques and temples. Some mosques provide robes and scarves for female visitors. Taking photographs at places of worship is usually permitted but request for permission first.

Dehydration and Sunburn
Upon arrival, you’ll immediately notice the sudden rush of warm, wet air. Indonesia is a warm place. The Sun can be strong especially in dry season. Proper care against sunburn must be constantly taken. Dehydration is the common problems for the unprepared traveler. Drink plenty of water and remember that alcoholic drinks could make dehydration worse, not better. Make sure you wear suitable cloths for a warm humid climate.

Mosquitoes
Due to the constant humid climate, mosquitoes tend to be present throughout the year. The most significant diseases transmitted by mosquitoes are Malaria and Dengue Fever. To repel mosquitoes, ticks and other arthropods, use mosquito repellent lotion and apply an insect repellent containing DEET to your skin or clothing.

Food
Generally, the level of food hygiene throughout the country is high. However, make sure your food and drinking water are safe. Food from street vendors should be treated with care. Drink only bottled or boiled water, or carbonated (bubbly) drinks in cans or bottles. If possible, avoid tap water, fountain drinks, and ice cubes. Bring along iodine tablets and portable water filters to purify water if bottled water is not available. Also, wash your hands often with soap and water. As an extra precaution, bring along anti-diarrhea medication and an antibiotic prescribed by your doctor to self-treat moderate to severe diarrhea.

Vaccinations
Recommended vaccines: Poliomyelitis (childhood booster), Tetanus (childhood booster), Typhoid (food & water borne diseases), Hepatitis A (food & water borne diseases).

For those venturing outside cities and towns, further recommended vaccines are Hepatitis B, Rabies, Japanese B Encephalitis, Tuberculosis and Meningitis.

If you are coming from, or have recently travelled in, South America or sub-Saharan Africa you must present a certificate of vaccination against Yellow Fever upon arrival in Indonesia.

Shared Holiday
14 Oct 2013|Nationwide

Hari Raya Aidiladha
15 Oct 2013|Nationwide
Commemorates Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son upon God’s command. Falls at the end of the annual Haj pilgrimage to Mecca. Mass prayers are held in mosques and large open areas around the country. Animals are sacrificed and the meat is given to the poor.

Islamic New Year
5 Nov 2013|Nationwide
Marks the beginning of the new year on the Hijrah calendar.

Christmas Day
25 Dec 2013|Nationwide
Celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. Christians look forward to special services in church, commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ.

Shared Holiday
26 Dec 2013|Nationwide

New Year
1 Jan 2014|Nationwide
Celebrating the turn of the New Year’s Eve in the natural beauty of West Java with dazzling fireworks accompanying the local countdown.

Maulidur Rasul
14 Jan 2014|Nationwide
Maulidur Rasul is the observance of the birthday of Prophet Muhammad, which falls on the 12th day of the month of Rabiul Awal in the Islamic calendar. Marks the beginning of the New Year on the Hijrah calendar.

Chinese New Year
31 Jan 2014|Nationwide
Red is the color of this festive season. Chinese people celebrate the New Year with family reunions, food and merrymaking, while children receive money in little red packets.

Bali Day of Silence
31 Mar 2014|Nationwide
Nyepi, or the Day of Silence, commemorates the start of the Hindu New Year; Nyepi is calculated according to the Çaka lunar calendar and falls at the time of the new moon in the months of March or April each year.

Good Friday
18 Apr 2014|Nationwide
Commemorates the death of Jesus.

Waisak
15 May 2014|Nationwide
Commemorates the birth, enlightenment and death of Gautama Buddha. This celebration is enlivened by religious and social activities in Buddhist temples around the country.

Isra Mi’raj Prophet Mohammad
27 Mei 2014|Nationwide
The ascension of The Prophet Muhammad SAW

Ascension Day of Jesus Christ into Heaven
29 May 2014|Nationwide
Commemorates the day Jesus ascended into Heaven.

Shared Holiday
30-31 August|Nationwide

Hari Raya Aidil Fitri
28-29 Jul 2014|Nationwide
The end of the month of Ramadan, the Muslim month of fasting. Mass prayers are held in mosques and large open Praying in the Mosqueareas around the country. Celebrated with the traditional dish ketupat and visiting with family and friends.

Indonesian Independence Day
17 Aug|Nationwide
Indonesians celebrate the proclamation of independence from 350 years of Dutch colonial rule. Festivities abound in cities and villages alike, organized by the government, neighborhood community associations and organizations.

Hari Raya Aidiladha
5 Oct 2014|Nationwide
Commemorates Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son upon God’s command. Falls at the end of the annual Haj pilgrimage to Mecca. Mass prayers are held in mosques and large open areas around the country. Animals are sacrificed and the meat is given to the poor.

Islamic New Year 1436 H
25 Oct 2014|Nationwide
Marks the beginning of the new year on the Hijrah calendar.

Christmas Day
25 Dec 2014|Nationwide
Celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. Christians look forward to special services in church, commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ.

Shared Holiday
26 Dec 2014|Nationwide

Indonesia has several traditions and customs and it is best if you know them beforehand. Some of them are:

  • Even though hand shaking is deemed appropriate between men and women, bear in mind that a number of Muslim women prefer to introduce themselves to men by nodding their head, smiling, and clasping their hands without any physical contact.
  • Traditionally, when you greet someone, both hands are used when shaking, without grasping.
  • It is considered polite to make a phone call first before visiting.
  • Shoes must be taken off before entering a house or place of worship like mosques.
  • Usually drinks are offered to guests. It is polite to accept.
  • When eating, receiving or giving something, always use your right hand. Right index finger should not be used to point a place, items or people. Use the right hand thumb and fold the remaining fingers to be more polite.
  • Taking photographs of houses of worships is allowed, however permission should be asked first whenever possible, especially if you want to take pictures of the interior.
  • Most Indonesian Muslims do not consume alcoholic drinks and pork.
  • Hence, the tradition of proposing a toast to honor someone is not generally known.

There is accommodation to suit every visitor to West Java. The capital city of Bandung and the main town in each region have international-class hotels ranging from modest two stars to luxury six star properties. International chains like Hyatt, Hilton, and Accor Group Hotel have established or managed properties in Bandung and other cities and regencies.

Meetings, Incentives, Conventions, and Exhibitions (MICE)
Most of the major hotels and exhibition centers are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities to cater for all types of MICE events. In view of the easy accessibility and the infrastructure, West Java has played host to numerous high-profile forums such as Asia Africa Conference, ASEAN Tourism Forum, and APEC Summit.