Set in the Southeast Asia and between two continent-Australia and Asia, Indonesia is easily accessible from most parts of the world by air, surface and sea links. Flying is often the quickest and most convenient way to get around Indonesia and with 61 international and domestic airports serving all major cities the country is well serviced by many air carriers. Garuda, Indonesia’s flag carrier also services certain domestic and regional routes.
The three main international airports are Soekarno-Hatta (CGK) at Tangerang, Banten, near Jakarta, Ngurah Rai (DPS) at Denpasar, Bali and Juanda (SUB) at Surabaya, East Java. There are however many cities which have air links with Singapore and Malaysia which can be interesting and convenient entry points into Indonesia.
The Soekarno-Hatta international airport is the hub of Indonesia’s huge aviation network and hosts a numbers of international and domestic airlines including Indonesia’s own Garuda Indonesia, Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, EVA Air, Japan Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Qantas, Royal Brunei, Thai Airways, KLM and Lufthansa.
Other domestic airlines flying from and to Indonesia’s capital city include Lion Air, Merpati Nusantara, Sriwijaya Air, Citilink and Indonesia Air Asia and other Low Cost Carriers (LCCs).
The other major international airport of Indonesia is the Ngurah Rai Airport in Bali, situated 15km from the main town of Denpasar that serves flights direct from Australia, Asia and Europe. A number of international airlines also fly direct to Medan, Padang, Bandung, Surabaya, Solo, and Manado from Singapore or Kuala Lumpur. With so many airlines flying to Indonesia, it’s worth your while to shop around for the best price for your flight.
Ferries connect Indonesia with Singapore and Malaysia. Most connections are between ports in Sumatra (mostly in Riau and Riau Islands provinces) and those in Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, although there is also a ferry service between Malaysia’s Sabah states with East Kalimantan on Borneo. Onward boat connections to Jakarta and other Indonesian islands are available from these ports.
From East Timor: The main crossing is at Mota’ain between Batugade in East Timor and Atambua, West Timor.
From Malaysia: The only formal way to enter by land from Malaysia is at the Entikong-Tebedu crossing between West Kalimantan and Sarawak, Malaysia on Borneo. The crossing in on the main route between Kuching, (Sarawak) and Pontianak, the capital of (West Kalimantan). As the crossing is listed only as a visa-free entry point, nationalities who do not qualify for this will have to apply for visas beforehand.
From Papua New Guinea: The only recognized crossing into Indonesia is at Wutung, between Vanimo in Sandaun Province in Papua New Guinea, and Jayapura, the capital of Indonesian Papua.
Note: It is not guaranteed that you will be able to enter Indonesia through these crossings and non-Indonesians are required to apply for visas at the nearest Indonesian Embassy or Consulate.