Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) or Bandung Insitute of Technology or Institute of technology Bandung, was founded on March 2, 1959. The present ITB main campus is the site of earlier engineering schools in Indonesia. Although these institutions of higher learning had their own individual characteristics and missions, they left influence on developments leading to the establishment of ITB. In 1920, Technische Hogeschool (TH) was established in Bandung, which for a short time, in the middle forties, became Kogyo Daigaku. Not long after the birth of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, the campus housed the Technical Faculty (including a Fine Arts Department) of Universitas Indonesia, with the head office in Jakarta. In the early fifties, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, also part of Universitas Indonesia, was established on the campus.
In 1959, the present lnstitut Teknologi Bandung was founded by the Indonesian government as an institution of higher learning of science, technology, and fine arts, with a mission of education, research, and service to the community. ITB was considered the top choice among Indonesia’s high school students in 2006 and has been credited as one of the most “prestigious” universities in Indonesia, together with University of Indonesia and Gadjah Mada University. Sukarno, the first president of the Republic of Indonesia, earned his engineering degree in civil engineering from ITB. The university cultivates professional and social activities by supporting its students’ unions, the student government councils that exist in every department. Each students’ union has its own distinctly designed jacket that, among other traditions, serves as part of its member identity. There are also a number of student activity units/clubs supporting ITB student interests in rounding out their educational experience. It is not uncommon that the students and alumni are identified by the clubs to which they belong (or used to belong) at ITB, in addition to their class year and major.
Bandung Institute of Technology complex area is included in the heritage area in Bandung because there are West Hall and East Hall which is Dutch architect works named Maclaind Pond. In addition there are many more buildings in the campus, designed by famous architects include Ir. Soekarno. Although the function is used as the lectures, but public can enter the campus area to just take pictures of the building and its atmosphere as well as a walk around in the campus area. In addition, there is a science and technology demonstration center in the area of Sasana Budaya Ganesha (Sabuga).